marquetry

   Inlay or veneers of wood form a pictorial image; as related to parquetry which forms geometric designs. At the height of its use in late 17th century France, fine furniture was embellished with marquetry produced with such rare and extremely expensive materials including ebony, tortoiseshell, and brass, often inspired by Japanese lacquer. In the 18th century marquetry began to be created in exotic woods — Brazilian rosewood, violet wood, mahogany, sandalwood, etc. — in colors including reds, yellows and greens. Marquetry furniture reflected the taste for all things floral, and paralleled the 17th-century "tulipmania" and the work of Dutch painters such as Van Huysum. Frisage is a marquetry technique in which small flakes of precious woods are cut diagonally and arranged so the direction of the grain of the wood produces optical effects akin to iridescence. "Diamond" and "butterfly wing" designs of c. 1720 were achieved in this way.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • marquetry — 1560s, from Fr. marqueterie inlaid work, from marqueter to checker (14c.), frequentative of marquer, from marque (see MARQUE (Cf. marque)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • marquetry — ► NOUN ▪ inlaid work made from small pieces of variously coloured wood, used for the decoration of furniture. ORIGIN from French marqueter become variegated …   English terms dictionary

  • marquetry — or marqueterie [mär′kə trē] n. [Fr marqueterie < marqueter, to spot, inlay < marque, a mark < OFr merc < ON merki < Gmc * marka, MARK1] decorative inlaid work of wood, ivory, metal, etc., used in furniture and flooring …   English World dictionary

  • Marquetry — The image on the cover of this box was made using the technique of marquetry. In contrast, thi …   Wikipedia

  • marquetry — /mahr ki tree/, n., pl. marquetries. inlaid work of variously colored woods or other materials, esp. in furniture. Also, marqueterie /mahr ki tree/. [1555 65; < MF marqueterie inlaid work, equiv. to marquet(er) to speckle, spot, inlay (lit., make …   Universalium

  • marquetry — marqueterie mar que*te*rie, marquetry mar quet*ry, n. [F. marqueterie, from marqueter to checker, inlay, fr. marque mark, sign; of German origin. See {Mark} a sign.] Inlaid work; work inlaid with pieces of wood, shells, ivory, veneer, and the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • marquetry — also marqueterie noun Etymology: Middle French marqueterie, from marqueter to checker, inlay, from marque mark Date: 1563 decorative work in which elaborate patterns are formed by the insertion of pieces of material (as wood, shell, or ivory)… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • marquetry — noun a) A decorative woodworking technique in which veneers of wood, ivory, metal etc. are inlaid into a wood surface to form intricate designs b) An example of this work …   Wiktionary

  • marquetry — mar|quet|ry [ˈma:kıtri US ˈma:r ] n [U] a pattern made of coloured pieces of wood laid together, or the art of making these patterns …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • marquetry — mar|que|try [ markətri ] noun uncount a design or picture made with several different types of wood attached to the surface of a piece of furniture …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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